March is National Brain Injury Awareness Month, and recently the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) published their latest position statement on concussion in sport.
This paper, updated from 2013, focuses on the current recommendations regarding the evaluation and management of sport related concussions (SRC). The 2019 position statement discusses the current medical literature around the pathophysiology of concussion, the epidemiology, sideline evaluation tools, treatment recommendations, and issues surrounding potential long-term sequela around concussions.
The most recent epidemiologic data estimates 1-1.8 million SRC annually in the US in those between 0-18 year of age, of which 400,000 occur in high school athletes. The evaluation begins before the season, during the pre-participation physical exams where high risk athletes and a detailed concussion history can be identified.
Once a sport-related concussion is suspected and diagnosed, the active rehabilitation of a concussion may begin using a graded exercise protocol. The days of hibernating concussions is gone. There are return-to-learn protocols in addition to return-to-sport protocols.
How to Stay Informed
For additional information, feel free to download the full position statement, learn about our concussion care services, or sign up for our concussion care seminar on March 14, 2019 to learn about the newest information regarding sport-related concussions.